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Polycystic ovary

Polycystic ovary disease is a gynecological disease that often leads to infertility and other reproductive disorders in women. Depending on the form of the disease, polycystic disease is diagnosed in both young nulliparous girls and women of mature age.

Causes of polycystic

With normal ovarian function, several follicles with eggs may form by the middle of the menstrual cycle. During ovulation, one follicle bursts and the egg, ready for fertilization, leaves the ovary. The rest of the follicles are absorbed under the influence of hormonal changes. With polycystic disease, this process is disrupted and immature follicles are transformed into cysts.

There are four alleged causes of the disease, among them:

inflammatory diseases;
hormonal disorders (an increase in estrogen or androgen levels);
genetic predisposition;
severe stress.


There are two types of the disease:

Primary polycystic disease is a congenital form of the disease diagnosed at an early age. The first symptoms of this type of disease appear in girls during puberty, at the age of 12-14. This form of polycystic disease is difficult to treat with hormonal drugs and is more severe.

Secondary polycystic ovary disease develops as a result of acquired hormonal or inflammatory disorders. In this case, the disease manifests itself in adulthood, most often in women 35-40 years old.

Symptoms of polycystic ovary disease

The symptoms of the disease appear in patients in different ways. There are cases when a woman is unaware of the presence of the disease, and polycystic disease is detected only on examination in the gynecological department.

Basically, patients complain of the following symptoms of polycystic disease:

a sharp increase in weight;
pain in the lower abdomen – mainly of a pulling nature;
menstrual irregularities;
oily hair and skin;
skin diseases (acne, pimples);
increased body hair growth;
inability to get pregnant.

The listed symptoms of polycystic disease also indicate other diseases of the reproductive organs or changes in hormonal levels. To exclude the likelihood of serious illness, we recommend visiting a gynecologist’s consultation and informing the doctor about the symptoms.

Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic disease

Only a gynecologist can identify the disease with the help of:

gynecological examination;
ultrasound examination (ultrasound);
laboratory blood tests for hormones;
analyzes for disorders of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Treatment of polycystic disease helps to normalize the reproductive function of organs, as well as the menstrual cycle. For successful treatment, use:

Drug therapy – hormonal drugs aimed at restoring the normal level of hormones.

A surgery in which some of the affected ovarian tissue is removed to help normalize ovulation and increase the chance of pregnancy. Surgical treatment is used only if drug therapy does not help.

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